FAQ's - Atlanta Speech Pathology
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FAQ’s

Are there any signs my child will exhibit if she/he has a delay?

Compliments of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Identify the Signs

Here are some of the signs to help you determine if your child has a speech, language, or hearing disorder. More information about identifying the signs of communication disorders is available at Identify The Signs.

Signs of a Language Disorder
  • Doesn’t smile or interact with others (birth–3 months)
  • Doesn’t babble (4–7 months)
  • Makes few sounds (7–12 months)
  • Does not use gestures (e.g., waving, pointing) (7–12 months)
  • Doesn’t understand what others say (7 months–2 years)
  • Says only a few words (12–18 months)
  • Doesn’t put words together to make sentences (1½–3 years)
  • Has trouble playing and talking with other children (2–3 years)
  • Has problems with early reading and writing skills—for example, may not show an interest in books or drawing (2½–3 years)
Ways to Help With Language Disorders
  • Listen and respond to your child
  • Talk, read, and play with your child
  • Communicate with your child in the language that you are most comfortable using
  • Know that it’s good to teach your child to speak a second language
  • Talk about what you are doing and what your child is doing
  • Use a lot of different words with your child
  • Use longer sentences as your child gets older
  • Have your child play with other children
Signs of a Speech Sound Disorder
  • Says p, b, m, h, and w incorrectly in words (1–2 years)
  • Says k, g, f, t, d, and n incorrectly in words (2–3 years)
  • Produces speech that is unclear, even to familiar people (2–3 years)
Ways to Help With Speech Sound Disorders
  • Say the sounds correctly when you talk—it’s okay if your child makes some mistakes with sounds
  • Don’t correct speech sounds—it’s more important to let your child keep talking
Signs of Stuttering (Disfluency)
  • Struggles to say sounds or words (2½–3 years)
  • Repeats first sounds of words—”b-b-b-ball” for “ball” (2½–3 years)
  • Pauses a lot while talking (2½–3 years)
  • Stretches sounds out—”f-f-f-f-farm” for “farm” (2½–3 years)
Ways to Help With Stuttering or Disfluency
  • Give your child time to talk
  • Do not interrupt or stop your child while he or she is speaking
  • See an SLP if you are concerned (Many young children stutter for a short period of time; in most cases, the stuttering will stop.)
Signs of a Voice Disorder
  • Uses a hoarse or breathy voice
  • Uses a nasal-sounding voice
Ways to Help With Voice Disorders
  • See a doctor if your child sounds hoarse or breathy or has a nasal-sounding voice
  • Tell your child not to shout or scream
  • Keep your child away from cigarette smoke
Audiologists help with hearing loss.
Signs of a Hearing Loss
  • Shows lack of attention to sounds (birth–1 year)
  • Doesn’t respond when you call his/her name (7 months–1 year)
  • Doesn’t follow simple directions (1–2 years)
  • Shows delays in speech and language development (birth–3 years)
Ways to Help With Hearing Loss
  • See an audiologist if your child did not pass the newborn hearing screening
  • Go to an audiologist if you have any concerns about your child’s hearing (some hearing losses can begin months or years after birth).
  • Ask your audiologist about the need for hearing aids or cochlear implants